Author(s): Juris ZarinsSource: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 280 (Nov., 1990), pp. 31-65Published by: The American Schools of Oriental ResearchStable URL: JSTOR: An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie zeigt sehr frühe Einflüsse semitischer Volksgruppen in Mesopotamien, in diesem Text geht es vor allem um Akkader. "Thus, the alluvium in the Akkadian area became a distinct entity as early as ca. 6000 B.C .a nd represented the early prehistoric forerunners to Akkadians of the fourth and third millennia B.c." Zur Königsliste: "At least 13 of the 23 names that the table lists from the SKL for the Kish I dynasty are Semitic (Gelb 1961b: 4-5; 1981: 54-55; Edzard 1960: 245) as are the majority of attested names from independent sources. However all of the names are probably Semitic, some merely expressed in Sumerian ideographs." und "The one name from Sippar in the SKL appears to be Sumerian but the one independently attested (ED II-IIIa?) name is Semitic: Manki-Beli (Budge 1899: pl. 4/22451; Walker and Collon 1980: pl. 27/21; Gelb 1961b: 2 contra Leichty 1986: 212)." Zur ED "The Semitic developments in Akkad during the early third millennium B.c. are reflected in materials recovered in Sumer. Semitic names are attested in Early Dynastic documents from Fara, Adab, Ur, Lagash, and Nippur (Gelb 1961b: 4). Akkadian loan words passed into Sumerian (Gelb 1960: 266; 1961b: 5, 141). Biggs (1967; 1974) has noted scribes with Semitic names at Abu Salabikh. In an Abu Salabikh economic text (IAS 518), the use of Semitic li-im for "thousand" and mi-at for "hundred" parallels the usage at Mari and Ebla (Biggs and Postgate 1978: 106-7). Another economic text from the site (IAS 508) may be written in Semitic (Biggs 1974: 44, 96). Texts from Abu Salabikh, Adab, and Girsu use the early Semitic month names as well (Gelb 1989: 140; Charpin 1987: 90). The Abu Salabikh literary text IAS 326 (+ IAS 342) is referred to as a Semitic hymn to the sun god (Michalowski 1987: 171)."